Chapter 9 Swedish Sports Clubs and Events during the Covid 19 Pandemic Impacts and Responses (John Armbrecht, Erik Lundberg, Robert Pettersson and Malin Zillinger)
Published: April 2021
Component type: chapter
Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781911635901-4692
Sweden has 10 million inhabitants of which more than 30% are members of at least one sports club. Typically, sports clubs are organized under the Swedish Sports Confederation (Riksidrottsförbundet). On a national level, approximately 19,000 sports clubs exist, distributed over 72 specialist sports federations. Each club usually stages one or several sport events every year. For example, specialist sports federations organize all championships at national and international levels. From a sports club perspective, these events constitute important sources of income. From a societal perspective, clubs and events create considerable economic impacts, foster public health, and facilitate integration contributing with substantial social values (Brown et al., 2015; Pettersson & Wallstam, 2017; Wallstam, Ioannides, & Pettersson, 2020). During the Covid-19 pandemic, most governments restricted individuals’ possibilities for gatherings and movements. On March 12th the Swedish government responded to the pandemic by limiting the number of participants to events to no more than 500 people. Starting March 29th gatherings were limited to 50 people. During the end of year 2020 and the second virus wave, further actions were taken. The government limited the number of visitors and participants to eight people. These restrictions had considerable negative effects on many sport-related activities, events, and thus clubs.
- John Armbrecht, Gothenburg University (Author) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9123-4969
- Erik Lundberg, Gothenburg University (Author) https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4158-6004
- Robert Pettersson, Mid-Sweden University (Author)
- Malin Zillinger, Lund University (Author) https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3219-8624
For the source title:
- Vassilios Ziakas (Editor) https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1501-7863
- Vladimir Antchak, University of Derby (Editor) https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1395-4391
- Donald Getz, University of Calgary (Editor) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5562-8012
Armbrecht, Lundberg, Pettersson & Zillinger, 2021
Armbrecht, J., Lundberg, E., Pettersson, R. & Zillinger, M. (2021) "Chapter 9 Swedish Sports Clubs and Events during the Covid 19 Pandemic Impacts and Responses (John Armbrecht, Erik Lundberg, Robert Pettersson and Malin Zillinger)" In: Ziakas, V., Antchak, V. & Getz, D. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911635901-4814
Beasley, T. M., & Schumacker, R. E. (1995). Multiple regression approach to analyzing contingency tables: Post hoc and planned comparison procedures. The Journal of Experimental Education, 64(1), 79-93.
Biggs, D., Hall, C. M., & Stoeckl, N. (2012). The resilience of formal and informal tourism enterprises to disasters: Reef tourism in Phuket, Thailand. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 20(5), 645-665.
Brown, S., Getz, D., Pettersson, R., & Wallstam, M. (2015). Event evaluation: Definitions, concepts and a state of the art review. International Journal of Event and Festival Management, 6(2), 135-157.
Crandall, W.R., Parnell, J.A., & Spillan, J.E. (2010). Crisis Management in the New Strategy Landscape, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.
Griffin, T., & Guttentag, D. (2020). Identifying active resident hosts of VFR visitors. International Journal of Tourism Research, 22(5), 627-636.
Hall, C. M., Timothy, D. J., & Duval, D. T. (2013) Safety and Security in Tourism: Relationships, management, and marketing. Oxford: Routledge.
Koronis, E., & Ponis, S. (2018). Better than before: the resilient organization in crisis mode. Journal of Business Strategy, 39(1), 32-42.
Lew, A. A. (2014). Scale, change and resilience in community tourism planning. Tourism Geographies 16(1), 14-22.
Lew, A.A., Cheer, J.M., Haywood, M., Brouder, P., & Salazaar, N.B. (2020). Visions of travel after the global Covid-19 transformation of 2020. Tourism Geographies 22(3), 455-466.
Lundberg, E., Armbrecht, J., Andersson, T. D., & Getz, D. (2017). The Value of Events. Taylor & Francis.
May, T. (2011). Social Research, Issues, Methods and Process. Open University Press.
Miles, L., & Shipway, R. (2020). Exploring the COVID-19 pandemic as a catalyst for stimulating future research agendas for managing crises and disasters at international sport events. Event Management, 24(4), 537-552.
Pettersson, R., & Wallstam, M. (2017). Idrottsevenemangs samhällsnytta, in: Faskunger J. & Sjöblom, P. (Eds.) Idrottens samhällsnytta - En vetenskaplig översikt av idrottsrörelsens mervärden för individ och samhälle. Riksidrottsförbundet.
Ritchie, B. W. (2004). Chaos, crises and disasters: a strategic approach to crisis management in the tourism industry. Tourism Management, 25(6), 669-683.
Shipway, R., & Miles, L. (2020). Bouncing back and jumping forward: Scoping the resilience landscape of international sports events and implications for events and festivals. Event Management, 24(1), 185-196.
Swedish Sports Confederation (2020). LOK-stöd. Retrieved from https://www.rf.se/bidragochstod/lok-stod/
Wallstam, M., Ioannides, D., & Pettersson, R. (2020). Evaluating the social impacts of events: in search of unified indicators for effective policymaking. Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events, 12(2), 122-141.