HOME | CHECKOUT | ABOUT | FAQ | CONTACT US |
 
Welcome Guest [create an account] or log-in:
email
password

Chapter 15 Festivals on the High Street, Revitalising business and communities in the UK

DOI: 10.23912/978-1-910158-55-5-3017

ISBN: 978-1-910158-55-5

Published: February 2016

Component type: chapter

Published in: Focus on World Festivals

Parent DOI: 10.23912/978-1-910158-55-5-2822

Abstract

This chapter considers the tradition and impact of festivals taking place in high street settings. Using examples from the UK it reflects on recent issues that have affected the decline experienced by high streets in the UK and explores how arts festivals and public outdoor events have been used to revitalise business and community engagement. We will explore two case studies in London presenting current research on mapping community and business engagement in these settings. Festivals have historically been highly embedded and integrated within the socio-economic life of societies, for example as celebrations and cultural activities embedded within fairs, markets and squares. However, while in recent years we have seen more and more festivals blooming in many communities, bringing new cultural and social life to our cities, we have also seen the decline of independent economic activities on high streets, with increasingly unsustainable rents pushing smaller traders out in favour of large chains and cheap imported goods often resulting in an increase of empty shops. This chapter questions whether there could be more integration and engagement between artistic activities embedded in festivals and local shops, through cultural intervention that is mutually beneficial. The first part of the chapter brings together the literature on arts festivals and their impact in communities and places, with recent issues emerging in the UK about the decline of the high street and its viability, which has been highlighted in extensive academic and policy reports (Wrigley and Dolega, 2011; Portas, 2011). Here, we highlight the importance of considering culture as a key ingredient in the future development of high streets, raising awareness of festivals in bringing the right mix of social, cultural but also economic opportunities for local high streets and presenting two case studies which highlight these integrated dynamics. In the second part, we discuss the case studies and methodologies adopted. The case studies are recent arts-focused interventions that specifically use cultural activity to stimulate positive social engagement with the high street whilst directly supporting local economic investment and customer loyalty. The conclusions reflect on the limit of current methodologies and our current ability to map and capture the interconnection between social, cultural and economic impact of festivals and their potential future role in the regeneration of high streets.

Sample content

Click here to download PDF

Contributors

  • Roberta Comunian (Author)
  • Lydia Fraser-Ward (Author)
  • Silvie Jacobi (Author)

For the source title:

  • Chris Newbold, De Montfort University (Editor)
  • Jennie Jordan, De Montfort University (Editor)

Cite as

Comunian, Fraser-Ward & Jacobi, 2016

Comunian, R., Fraser-Ward, L. & Jacobi, S. (2016) "Chapter 15 Festivals on the High Street, Revitalising business and communities in the UK" In: Newbold, C. & Jordan, J. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/978-1-910158-55-5-3017

References

Arcodia, C. and Whitford, M. (2007) Festival attendance and the development of social capital, in Journal of Convention and Event Tourism, 8(2), 1.

https://doi.org/10.1300/J452v08n02_01

Arvizu Machado, C., Bielecki, J., Montero Jalil, D., and Walt, N. (2013) High Street Magnifiers, London: LSE Cities

Bailey, C., Miles, S., and Stark, P. (2004) Culture‐led urban regeneration and the revitalisation of identities in Newcastle, Gateshead and the North East of England, in International Journal of Cultural Policy, 10(1), 47-65.

https://doi.org/10.1080/1028663042000212328

Brixton Pound (2015) The Brixton Pound - Money that sticks to Brixton - B£. [online] Brixton Pound. Available at: https://brixtonpound.org/ [Accessed 28 Jul. 2015].

Comunian, R. (2015) Festivals as communities of practice: Learning by doing and knowledge networks among artists, in Focus on Festivals: Contemporary European Case Studies and Perspectives, (eds.) C. Newbold, C. Maughan, J. Jordan and F. Bianchini, Oxford: Goodfellow, 53-65.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2015.09.009

Crompton, J. L., and McKay, S. L. (1994) Measuring the economic impact of festivals and events: Some myths, misapplications and ethical dilemmas, in Festival Management and Event Tourism, 2(1), 33-43.

https://doi.org/10.3727/106527094792335782

Dobson, J. (2015) How to Save our Town Centres: A radical agenda for the future of high streets, Bristol: Policy Press

https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt1t895wk

GLA (2011) High Street Network. Available at: https://www.london.gov.uk/priorities/regeneration/high-streets/high-street-network [Accessed 26 May 2015].

Gov.uk (2013) Future High Streets Forum - Groups - GOV.UK. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/groups/future-high-streets-forum [Accessed 26 May 2015].

Hubbard, P. (2015) Whose High Street? Class and disgust in visions of town centre regeneration. Academia.edu. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/7799558/Whose_high_street_ Class_and_disgust_in_visions_of_town_centre_regeneration [Accessed 26 May 2015].

Landry, C. (2008) The Creative City: A toolkit for urban innovators, (2nd edn.), London: Earthscan.

Lefebvre, H. (1991) The Production of Space, Oxford: Blackwell.

Ley, D. (2003) Artists, aestheticisation and the field of gentrification, in, Urban Studies, 40(12), 2527-2544.

https://doi.org/10.1080/0042098032000136192

Portas, M. (2011) The Portas Review: An Independent Review Into The Future Of Our High Streets. London: Department of Business, Innovation and Skills.

Quinn, B. (2005) Arts festivals and the city, in, Urban Studies, 42(5-6), 927-943.

https://doi.org/10.1080/00420980500107250

Rowson, J., Broome, S., and Jones, A. (2010) Connected Communities: How Social Networks power and sustain the Big Society. London: RSA.

Sassen, S. (2001) The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo, Princetown: Princeton University Press.

https://doi.org/10.1515/9781400847488

Stevens, Q., and Shin, H. (2014) Urban festivals and local social space, in Planning Practice and Research, 29(1) 1-20.

https://doi.org/10.1080/02697459.2012.699923

Thompson, D. (2010) Empty Shops Toolkit. Museums, Libraries & Archives.

van Aalst, I., and van Melik, R. (2012) City festivals and urban development: does place matter? In European Urban and Regional Studies, 19(2), 195-206.

https://doi.org/10.1177/0969776411428746

Wrigley, N, and Dolega, L. (2011) Resilience, fragility, and adaptation: new evidence on the performance of UK high streets during global economic crisis and its policy implications, in Environment and Planning-Part A, 43(10), 2337.

https://doi.org/10.1068/a44270

Available

Published in Focus on World Festivals

Hardback format [Details]Price: £85.00Copies / Delivery by post
Terms and conditions of purchase | Privacy policy