Chapter 1 Transitioning to Low Carbon Mobility
Published: November 2016
Component type: chapter
Published in: Low Carbon Mobility Transitions
Parent DOI: 10.23912/978-1-910158-64-7-2847
Since the turn of the 21st Century, the world has experienced unprecedented economic, political, social and environmental transformation. The ‘inconvenient truth’ of climate change is now undeniable; rising temperatures and the increasing frequency and intensity of extreme events have resulted in the loss of lives, livelihoods and habitats as well as straining economies. Increasingly mobile lives are often dependent on high carbon modes of transport, representing a substantial contribution to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the underlying cause of anthropogenic climate change. With growing demand and rising emissions, the transport sector has a critical role to play in achieving GHG emissions reductions, and stabilising the global climate. Low Carbon Mobility Transitions draws interdisciplinary insights on transport and mobilities, as a vast and complex socio-technical system. It presents 15 chapters and 6 shorter ‘case studies’ covering a diversity of themes and geographic contexts across three thematic sections: People and Place, Structures in Transition, and Innovations for Low Carbon Mobility. The three sections are highly interrelated, and with overlapping, complementing, and challenging themes. The contributions offer critical, often neglected insights into low carbon mobility transitions across the world. In doing so, Low Carbon Mobility Transitions sheds light on the place- and context-specific nature of mobility in a climate constrained world.
- Debbie Hopkins, Transport Studies Unit, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, UK (Author) http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7778-8989
- James Higham, Department of Tourism, University of Otago, NZ and University of Stavanger, Norway (Author) http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1405-7035
For the source title:
- Debbie Hopkins, Transport Studies Unit, School of Geography and the Environment, University of Oxford, UK (Editor) http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7778-8989
- James Higham, Department of Tourism, University of Otago, NZ and University of Stavanger, Norway (Editor) http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1405-7035
Hopkins & Higham, 2016
Hopkins, D. & Higham, J. (2016) "Chapter 1 Transitioning to Low Carbon Mobility" In: Hopkins, D. & Higham, J. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/978-1-910158-64-7-3267
Airbus (2013). Future Journeys. Global Market Forecast 2013 – 2032. Blagnac Cedex, France: Airbus.
Anderson, K., Le Quéré, C. & Mclachlan, C. (2014). Radical emission reductions: the role of demand reductions in accelerating full decarbonisation, Carbon Management, 5(4), 321-323. https://doi.org/10.1080/17583004.2014.1055080
Boeing (2013). Current Market Outlook 2013 – 2032. Seattle: Boeing.
Boyd, R., Carnston Turner, J. & Ward, B. (2015). Tracking intended nationally determined contributions: what are the implications for greenhouse gas emissions in 2013? Policy paper. London: Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
Capstick, S., Lorenzoni, I., Corner, A. & Whitmarsh, L. (2014). Prospects for radical emissions reduction through behaviour and lifestyle change, Carbon Management, 5(4), 429-445. https://doi.org/10.1080/17583004.2015.1020011
Clémençon, R. (2016). The two sides of the Paris climate agreement: Dismal failure or historic breakthrough? Journal of Environment & Development, 25(1), 3-24. https://doi.org/10.1177/1070496516631362
Climate Action Tracker (2015). Climate pledges will bring 2.7°C of warming, potential for more action, 8 th Dec 2015. Available from: http://climateactiontracker.org/news/253/Climate-pledges-will-bring-2.7C-of-warming-potential-for-more-action.html
Cohen, S.A., Duncan, T. & Thulemark, M. (2015). Lifestyle mobilities: The crossroads of travel, leisure and migration, Mobilities, 10(1), 155-172. https://doi.org/10.1080/17450101.2013.826481
Connors, P. & McDonald, P. (2011). Transitioning communities: Community, participation and the Transition Town movement, Community Development Journal, 46 (4), 558-572. https://doi.org/10.1093/cdj/bsq014
Creutzig, F., Jochem, P., Edelenbosch, O.Y., Mattauch, L., van Vuuren, D.P., McCollum, D. & Minx, J. (2015). Transport: A roadblock to climate change mitigation? Science 350, 911. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aac8033
European Commission (2016). Climate Action: Paris Agreement. Available from: http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/international/negotiations/paris/index_en.htm
Fagan, M. (2000). Sheikh Yamani predicts price crash as age of oil ends. The Telegraph. 25 June.
Geels, F.W. (2002). Technological transitions as evolutionary reconfiguration processes: a multi-level perspective and a case-study, Research Policy, 31(8), 1257-1274. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0048-7333(02)00062-8
Geels, F.W. (2004). From sectoral systems of innovation to socio-technical systems: insights about dynamics and change from sociology and institutional theory, Research Policy, 33, 897-920. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2004.01.015
Geels, F.W. (2010). Ontologies, socio-technical transitions (to sustainability), and the multi-level perspective, Research Policy, 39, 495-510. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2010.01.022
Geels, F.W. (2012). A socio-technical analysis of low carbon transitions: introducing the multi-level perspective into transport studies, Journal of Transport Geography, 24, 471-482. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.01.021
Geels, F.W. & Schot, J. (2007). Typology of sociotechnical transition pathways, Research Policy, 36(3), 399-417. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2007.01.003
Geels, F.W., Berkhout, F. & van Vuuren, D.P. (2016). Bridging analytical approaches for low carbon transitions, Nature Climate Change, 6(6), 576-583. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2980
Haustein, S. & Nielsen, T.A.S. (2016). European mobility cultures: a survey-based cluster analysis across 28 European countries, Journal of Transport Geography, 54, 173-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2016.05.014
Hopkins, D. & McCarthy, A. (2016). Change trends in urban freight delivery: A qualitative inquiry, Geoforum, 74, 158-170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2016.06.006
Institute for Transportation & Development Policy [ITDP]. (2015). The Paris Agreement What's Right and What's Next, December 17, 2015. Available from: https://www.itdp.org/the-paris-agreement-whats-right-and-whats-next/
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (2014). Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, in O. Edenhofer, R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K., Seyboth, J. Minx, (Eds.), Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415416
International Energy Agency [IEA] (2015). CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion: Highlights, 2015 Edition. Paris: IEA. Available from: www.iea.org/ publications/freepublications/publication/CO2EmissionsFromFuelCombustionHighlights2015.pdf
Jetin, B. (2015). Introduction. In: Jetin, B. (Eds.) Global Automobile Demand: Major Trends in Emerging Economies Volume 2. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137516145_1
Kemp, R., Geels, K.W. & Dudley, G. (2012). Introduction: Sustainability transitions in the automobility regime and the need for a new perspective, in: Geels, F.W., Kemp, R., Dudley, G. & Lyons, G. (Eds.). Automobility in Transition? A Socio-Technical Analysis of Sustainable Transport, Abingdon: Routledge.
Kemp, R., Loorbach, D. & Rotmans, J. (2007). Transition management as a model for managing processes of co-evolution towards sustainable development, International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, 14(1), 78-91. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504500709469709
Kemp, R., Schot, J. & Hoogma, R. (1998). Regime shifts to sustainability through processes of niche formation: The approach of strategic niche management, Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 10 (2), 175-198. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537329808524310
Manolas, E. (2016). The Paris climate change agreement. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 73(2), 167-169. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207233.2016.1144399
McGlade, C. & Ekins, P. (2015). The geographical distribution of fossil fuels unused when limiting global warming to 2°C, Nature, 517, 187-190. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14016
Morgan, M.G. (2016b). Opinion: Climate policy needs more than muddling. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(9), 2322-2324. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1601167113
National Centers for Environmental Information [NOAA] (2016). State of the Climate: Global Analysis for Annual 2015, published online January 2016. Available from: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov
Paris Process on Mobility and Climate (PPMC). (2015). Transport @ COP21 Paris: Preliminary Final Report, 15 December. Available from: www.ppmc-cop21.org
Rees, D., Stephenson, J., Hopkins, D. & Doering, A. (2016). Exploring stability and change in transport systems: combining Delphi and system dynamics approaches, Transportation, DOI: 10.1007/s11116-016-9677-7, Online First. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11116-016-9677-7
Rhodes, C.J. (2016). The 2015 Paris climate change conference: COP21. Science Progress, 99(1), 97-104. https://doi.org/10.3184/003685016X14528569315192
Rip, A. & Kemp, R. (1998). Technological change, In: Rayner, S. & Malone, L. (Eds.) Human Choice and Climate Change, Vol. 2 Resources and Technology, Washington D.C.: Batelle Press
Robbins, A. (2016). How to understand the results of the climate change summit: Conference of parties 21 (COP21) Paris 2015. Journal of Public Health Policy, 37, 129-132. https://doi.org/10.1057/jphp.2015.47
Rotmans, J., Kemp, R. & van Asselt, M. (2001). More evolution than revolution: transition management in public policy, Foresight, 3(1), 15 – 31. https://doi.org/10.1108/14636680110803003
Schot, J. & Geels, F.W. (2008). Strategic niche management and sustainable innovation journeys: theory, findings, research agenda, and policy, Technology Analysis & Strategic Management, 20(5), 537-554. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537320802292651
Schwanen, T. (2013). Sociotechnical transition in the transport system, in: Givoni, M. & Banister, D. (Eds.). Moving Towards Low Carbon Mobility, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar. https://doi.org/10.4337/9781781007235.00021
Scott, D., Hall, C.M. & Gössling, S. (2016). A report on the Paris Climate Change Agreement and its implications for tourism: why we will always have Paris, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(7), 933-948. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2016.1187623
Sheller, M. (2015). Foreword 2: Mobilizing transportation, transporting mobilities in: Cidell, J. & Prytherch, D. (Eds.). Transport, Mobility and the Production of Urban Space, Abingdon: Routledge.
Sheller, M. & Urry, J. (2006). The new mobilities paradigm, Environment and Planning A, 38(2), 207-226. https://doi.org/10.1068/a37268
Sims R., R. Schaeffer, F. Creutzig, X. Cruz-Nú-ez, M. D'Agosto, D. Dimitriu, M.J. Figueroa Meza, L. Fulton, S. Kobayashi, O. Lah, A. McKinnon, P. Newman, M. Ouyang, J.J. Schauer, D. Sperling, and G. Tiwari, (2014). Transport. In Edenhofer, O., R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I. Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlömer, C. von Stechow, T. Zwickel and J.C. Minx (Eds.) Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
Sperling, D. & Gordon, D. (2009). Two Billion Cars: Driving Towards Sustainability. New York: Oxford University Press.
Transition Town Totnes (n.d.) What is Transition? Available from: http://www.transitiontowntotnes.org/about/what-is-transition/
TransitionNetwork.org. (2013a). About Transition Network. Available from: https://www.transitionnetwork.org/about
TransitionNetwork.org. (2013b). Transition project map. Available from: https://www.transitionnetwork.org/projects/map
UNFCCC, (2016). http://unfccc.int/paris_agreement/items/9444.php
UNWTO (2015). UNWTO Tourism Highlights 2015 Edition, Madrid, Spain: WTO. Available from: http://www.e-unwto.org/doi/pdf/10.18111/9789284416899
Urry, J. (2004). The 'system' of automobility, Theory, Culture & Society, 21(4/5), 25-39. https://doi.org/10.1177/0263276404046059
Urry, J. (2007). Mobilities, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Viry, G. & Kaufmann (2015). High Mobility in Europe: Work and Personal Life, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
World Resources Institute [WRI]. (2015). After COP21, Time to Use Sustainable Transport to Make Good on Climate Commitments, World Resources Institute, December 17 2015. Available from: http://www.wri.org/blog/2015/12/after-cop21-time-use-sustainable-transport-make-good-climate-commitments