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Chapter 9 Low Carbon Transition in Finnish Mobility, The clash of experimental transport governance and established practices

DOI: 10.23912/978-1-910158-64-7-3306

ISBN: 978-1-910158-64-7

Published: November 2016

Component type: chapter

Published in: Low Carbon Mobility Transitions

Parent DOI: 10.23912/978-1-910158-64-7-2847



Finland is a country of few people and relatively long distances, and this places pressure on maintaining an efficient private transport infrastructure, while at the same time visions of low carbon mobility systems exist and are increasingly created, particularly in more densely populated areas. In this chapter we analyse the drivers and barriers for low-carbon mobility in Finland. Recent years have witnessed a phase where several structures have become more supportive of change than ever before, both through long-term focus and experimental governance. Transition towards low carbon transport regimes shows promise particularly in the Helsinki Metropolitan region of Finland. Yet even when the transition towards sustainable mobility is advancing, barriers and drivers co-exist both at the level of the global and national landscapes and of national and metropolitan regimes. Nevertheless, transition can be evidenced by an increasing number of regime drivers and a reducing number of barriers.

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  • Paula Kivimaa, Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex, UK and Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, Finland. (Author) http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2812-8017
  • Armi Temmes, School of Business, Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland (Author)

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Kivimaa & Temmes, 2016

Kivimaa, P. & Temmes, A. (2016) "Chapter 9 Low Carbon Transition in Finnish Mobility, The clash of experimental transport governance and established practices" In: Hopkins, D. & Higham, J. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/978-1-910158-64-7-3306


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