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Chapter 13 Protected Areas

DOI: 10.23912/9781911396437-3647

ISBN: 9781911396437

Published: November 2017

Component type: chapter

Published in: Geography of Tourism

Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781911396437-3402

Abstract

There are a significant number of protected areas in the world today, but their creation has occurred only relatively recently. The designation of protected areas can be linked back to the Romantic Movement in England and continental Europe (Mason, 2016). A related movement in the USA also contributed significantly to the establishment of pro- tected areas there. As indicated in Chapter 3, until the latter part of the 18th century, large areas of the natural landscape were not looked upon as having much potential for human use. So mountain regions, such as the Alps, were viewed as a barrier to communication and transport, and similarly uplands and mountain areas in the UK were viewed as offering little scope for economic use, except possibly sheep farming. This chapter indicates that the first protected areas were established in the USA, provides a case study of the very first national park, Yellowstone Park, and discusses the issues that can arise when the designation as a park acts as form of marketing and leads to increasing numbers of visitors with the related impacts. The chapter also discusses changing concepts of the term ‘wilderness’, the implications of this and provides a case study of the largest and most remote wilderness on earth, Antarctica.

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Contributors

  • Peter Mason, London South Bank University; Ecole Superieure Hotellerie (Author)

For the source title:

  • Peter Mason, London South Bank University; Ecole Superieure Hotellerie (Author)

Cite as

Mason, 2017

Mason, P. (2017) "Chapter 13 Protected Areas" In: Mason, P. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911396437-3647

References

Eagles, P., McCool, S. and Haynes, C (2002) Sustainable Tourism in Protected Areas: Guidelines for Planning and Management, Cambridge: IUCN

https://doi.org/10.1079/9780851995892.0000

Hall, C.M. and Lew, A (2009) Understanding and Managing Tourism Impacts: An Integrated Approach, London: Routledge

https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203875872

Hall, C.M. and Page, S. (2014) The Geography of Tourism and Recreation, 4th ed., London: Routledge

https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203796092

Holden, A (2013) Protected areas and tourism, in Holden, A. and Fennel, D. (eds) Routledge Handbook of Tourism and the Environment, pp 276-284, London: Routledge

https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203121108

Holden, A (2016) Environment and Tourism, 3rd ed., London: Routledge

https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315767659

IUCN (2003) Guidelines for Protected Area Management Categories, Gland, Switzerland

IUCN (2011) IUCN Protected Areas Category System www.iucn.org accessed May 5 2017

McCannell, D. (1992) Empty Meeting Grounds, The Tourist Papers, London: Routledge

Maher, P (2011) Antarctic human dimensions: Ambassadors for the experience, in Maher, P., Stewart, E. and Luck, M. (eds) Polar Tourism: Human, Environmental and Governance Dimensions, New York: Cognizant Communications, 121-141.

Mason, P. (2016) Tourism Impacts, Planning and Management,3rd ed., London, Routledge

https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315781068

Mason, P. and Legg, S. (1999). Antarctic tourism: activities, impacts, management issues and a proposed research agenda. Pacific Tourism Review, 3, 71-84.

Nash, R (1967) Wilderness and the American Mind, Newhaven CT: Yale University Press

Nash, R. (1982) Wilderness and the American Mind (3 rd ed) Newhaven CT: Yale University Press

Saarinen, J. (2013) Tourism into the wild: the limits of tourism in wilderness, in Holden, A. and Fennel, D. (eds) Routledge Handbook of Tourism and the Environment, pp 145-154, London: Routledge

Wilkinson, T. (2016) Booming tourism becomes a stress test for Yellowstone, National Geographic Magazine, May 2016

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Published in Geography of Tourism

Chapter 13 Protected Areas [Details]Price: £5.99*Licences / Downloadable file
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