Chapter 9 Sustainable Construction, Green Building Strategic Model
Published: October 2018
Component type: chapter
Published in: Principles of Sustainable Project Management
Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781911396857-3884
Academic and policy literature over the past four decades (from as early as the 1970s) has been, and still is, concerned with understanding and articulating the core principles of sustainable development and sustainable construction or, in other words, sustainable building and construction, which is a holistic, multi-disciplinary approach. The increasing global concern with the maintenance and improvement of the environment, as well as the protection of the human health has become an important aspect to be considered by construction companies worldwide.
The chapter falls into two parts. The main aim of the first part is to present a critical review of the established theoretical frameworks in order to understand the topic in depth, and identify the main concepts and relevant dimensions or variables that have a crucial influence on promoting and implementing sustainable construction/green buildings practices.
The second part presents the findings of a research study conducted by the authors (Salama and Hanna, 2013) that sought to develop a strategic model for implementing the green building initiative in the UAE; Green Building Strategic Model, (GBSM – UAE). Despite being based on the UAE case, the underpinning theoretical framework and the stages of modelling used in building, training and validating the model makes this section a useful read for all parties interested in the area of sustainable construction in general, and green buildings in particular, regardless of their geographical location.
- Mohamed Salama, Herriot Watt University (Author) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5212-082X
- Ashraf Hana (Author)
For the source title:
- Mohamed Salama, Herriot Watt University (Editor) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5212-082X
Salama & Hana, 2018
Salama, M. & Hana, A. (2018) "Chapter 9 Sustainable Construction, Green Building Strategic Model" In: Salama, M. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911396857-3966
7 group and Reed, B. G.,( 2009). The Integrative Design Guide to Green Building: Redefining the Practice of Sustainability. New Jersey: John Wiley & Son
Al Marashi, H., (2006). Facing the environmental challenge: encouraging sustainable urban development in the United Arab Emirates. Global Urban Development Magazine, 2 (1). Retrieved from http://www.globalurban.org/GUDMag06Vol2Iss1/Al%20Marashi.htm
Baldwin, A., Leach, S., Doggart, J. and Attenborough, M., (1990). Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method Version 1/90. An Environmental Assessment for New Office Designs, BRE, Watford.
Baloi, D., (2003). Sustainable construction: challenges and opportunities. In: Greenwood, D., J., (Ed), 19th Annual ARCOM Conference, 3-5 September, University of Brighton, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Vol. 1, 289-97.
Bartlett, E. and Howard, N., 2000. Informing the decision makers on the cost and value of green building. Building, Research and Information, 28 (5/6), 315-24.
Benson Kwong, P.C.(2004) Quantifying the Benefits of Sustainable Buildings. AACE International Transactions, Washington, DC, AACE International.
Bigg, T., (2004). Survival for a Small Planet: the sustainable development agenda. London: Earthscan.
Bon, R. and Hutchinson, K.,( 2000). Sustainable construction: some economic challenges. Building Research and Information, 30 (2), 83-94.
Bordass, B. (2000). Cost and value: fact and fiction. Building, Research and Information, 28 (5/6), 338-52.
Bourdeau, L. (1999). Sustainable development and the future of construction: a comparison of visions of various countries. Building Research and Information, 26(6), 355-67.
Brundtland, G. H., (1987). Our Common Future: Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development. New York.
Carter, K. and Fortune, C. (2007). Sustainable development policy perceptions and practice in the UK social housing sector. Construction Management and Economics, 25, 399-408.
CIB, (1999). Agenda 21 on Sustainable Construction. CIB Report Publication 237, CIB, Rotterdam, July, 1999.
CIEF, (2005a). Socially Responsible Construction: Key Design Aspects. Construction Industry Environmental Forum Seminar Report, CIEF, Glasgow.
CIOB, (2004). Sustainability and Construction. Chartered Institute of Building, Ascot.
CIRIA, (1994). Environmental Impacts of Materials, Special Publication 116, Volumes A to F. Construction Industry Research and Information Association, London.
Cole, R. J., (1998). Emerging trends in building environmental assessment methods. Building Research and Information, 26(1), 3-16.
Cole, R. J., (1999). Building environmental assessment methods: clarifying intentions. Building Research and Information, 27(4/5), 230-246.
Cole, R. J., (2005). Building environmental assessment methods: redefining intentions and roles. Building Research and Information, 35(5), 455-467.
Crowther, P., (2006). Sustaining a Subtropical Response. In Proceedings Subtropical Cities 2006, Brisbane, Australia. Retrieved from http://eprints.qut.edu.au/5378/1/5378_1.pdf
Davis Langdon Management Consulting (2007) Life cycle costing (LCC) as a contribution to sustainable construction: a common methodology.
Deakin, M., Huovila, P., Rao, S., Sunikka, M. and Vreeker, R. (2002). The assessment of sustainable urban development. Building Research and Information, 30 (2), 95-108.
Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), 2002, Profiting from Sustainability, BRE. London. Retrieved from www.2006conference.crcci.info/docs/.../P57_Foulis_R.pdf
Doerr Architecture (2002) Definition of Sustainability and the Impacts of Building. Colorado, EUA. Retrieved from doerr.org/html/GreenChecklistResidential.doc
Degani, C. M. and Cardoso, F. (2002). Environmental Performance and Lean Construction Concepts: Can we talk about a 'Clean Construction'? In: 10th Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction. Gramado, Brazil 6-8 August. Retrieved from http://www.pcc.usp.br/fcardoso/Lean%20Construction%202002%20Degani%20Cardoso.pdf
Ding, G. K. C. (2008). Sustainable Construction – The role of environmental assessment tools. Journal of Environmental Management, 86 (3), 451-464.
Dresner, S., (2002). The Principle of Sustainability. London: Earthscan.
Du Plessis, C., (1999). Sustainable development demands dialogue between developed and developing worlds. Building Research and Information, 27 (6), 319-90.
Edwards, B., (1999). Sustainable Architecture: European Directives and Building Design. 2nd Ed. Oxford: Architectural Press.
Edwards, S. and Benett, P. (2003). Construction products and life-cycle thinking. UNEP Industry and Environment, 26 (2-3), 29-32. Retrieved from http://www.uneptie.org/media/review/vol26no2-3/005-098.pdf
Egbert, C. (2009). Special Report 'Leed Compliant: Are You Leeding The Industry On?' Construction Week Magazine, Oct. 31-Nov. 6, 38-40.
Elkington, J., (1998). Cannibals with Forks: The Triple Bottom Line of 21st Century Business. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers.
Essa, R. and Fortune, C. (2006). Project price forecasting processes and pre-construction evaluation of sustainable housing association projects. In: Boyd, D., (Ed), Proceedings of 22nd Annual ARCOM Conference, 4-6 September, Birmingham, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 543-552.
Essa, R. and Fortune, C. (2008). Pre-construction evaluation practices of sustainable housing projects in the UK. Engineering Construction and Architectural Management, 15(6), 514-526.
Estidama. (n.d.) Retrieved from http:// http://estidama.org/
GSA – General Services Administration (2008) Assessing Green Building Performance: A Post Occupancy Evaluation of 12 GSA Buildings. Public Buildings Service, June.
Glass, J. (2001). Ecoconcrete – The Contribution of Cement and Concrete to a More Sustainable Built Environment. British Cement Association, Crowthorne.
Gonzalez, C. and Sangar, A. (2009). Green buildings: Opportunities and risks. ConstructionWeekonline.com. Retrieved from http://www.constructionweekonline.com/article-6061-green-buildings-opportunities-and-risks/
Graber, S. and Dailey, C. (2003). Environmentally Sustainability in Building Construction: Implications and assessment tools. Final year research project, Swinburne University of Technology, Victoria. Retrieved from http://www.abcb.gov.au/documents/research/Environmental_Sustainability_in_Building_Construction.pdf
Guy, S. and Moore, S. A. (2005). Sustainable architectures: Cultures and natures in Europe and North America. In The Social Construction of 'Green Building' Codes: Competing models by industry, government and NGOs. New York: Spon Press, 51-70.
Halliday, S. (1992). Environmental Code of Practice for Building Services. Building Services Research and Information Association, Bracknell.
Hawkes, J. (2001). The Fourth Pillar of Sustainability: Culture's essential role in public planning. Melbourne: Cultural Development Network & Common Ground Press. Retrieved from http://www.culturaldevelopment.net/downloads/FourthPillarSummary.pdf
Huovila, P. and Koskela, L. (1998). Contribution of the principles of Lean Construction to meet the challenges of sustainable development. Sixth international conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, Guarujá, Brazil, 13-15 August. Retrieved from http://www.ce.berkeley.edu/~tommelein/IGLC-6/
Hydes, K. R. and Creech, L. (2000). Reducing mechanical equipment cost: the economics of green design. Building Research and Information, 28(5/6), 403-7.
Intrachooto, S. and Arons, D. (2002). Nurturing green innovations for academic institutions. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 3(2), 155-63.
Johnson, S., (1993). Greener Buildings – The Environmental Impact of Property. Macmillan, London.
Johnson, S. D. (2000). The economic case for high performance buildings. Corporate Environmental Strategy, 7(4), 24-35, 350-61.
Jucker, R. (2002). Sustainability – never heard of it. Some basics we should not ignore when engaging in education for sustainability. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 3(1), 8-18.
Kaatz, E., Root, D. S., Bowen, P. A. and Hill, R. C. (2006). Advancing key outcomes of sustainability building assessment. Building Research and Information, 34(4), 308-320.
Kats, G. (2003). The Costs and Financial Benefits of Green Buildings: A Report to California's Sustainable Building Task Force. Retrieved from http://www.cap-e.com/ewebeditpro/items/O59F3259.pdf
Khalfan, M. A. (2002). Sustainable Development and Sustainable Construction: A Literature Review for C-Sand. Loughborough University. Retrieved from http://www.c-sand.org.uk/Documents/WP2001-01-SustainLitRev.pdf
Kibert, C. J. (1994). Establishing principles and a model for sustainable construction. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference of CIB Task Group 16 on Sustainable Construction, November 6-9, Tampa, Florida, USA, pp. 3-12. Retrieved from http://www.cce.ufl.edu/rsc06/PDFs/SC04.pdf
Kibert, C. J. (2008). Sustainable Construction: Green Building Design and Delivery. 2nd ed. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
Kuhtz, S. (2007). Adoption of sustainable development schemes and behaviours in Italy – barriers and solutions – what can educators do? International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 8 (2), 155-169.
Langston, C., and Mackley, C. (1998). The Role of Environmental Economics in the Cost Management of Projects. AACE International Transactions, Cincinnati OH.
Langston, C. A. and Ding, G. K. C. (2001). Sustainable Practices in the Built Environment. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. Second edition.
LEED (2003) Green Building Rating System Committees, US Green Building Council. Retrieved from https://www.usgbc.org/Members/members_committees.asp
Loftness, V. et al. (2002) Building Investment Decisions Support (BIDS). ABSIC Research 2001-2002 Year End. Retrieved from http://nodem.pc.cc.cmu.edu/bids
Martin, S. (2002). Sustainability, systems thinking and professional practice. Planet, Special Edition 4, 20-1.
Mills, E. (2002). Climate change, buildings, and the insurance sector: technological synergisms between adaptation and mitigation. Building Research and Information 31(3-4), 255-277
Mills, E. (2003). The Insurance and Risk Management Industries: New Players in the Delivery of Energy-Efficient Products and Services. Energy Policy. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Report No. LBNL-43642. Retrieved from http://eetd.lbl.gov/emills/PUBS/Insurance_Case_Studies.html
Miyatake, Y. (1996). Technology development and sustainable construction. Journal of Management in Engineering, 12(4), 23 – 27.
Murray, P. E. and Cotgrave, A. J. (2007). Sustainability literacy: the future paradigm for construction education? Structural Survey, 25(1), 7-23.
Muto, S. (2003). The public sector spurs green building. Real Estate Journal of WSJ/Dow Jones, July.
Nalewaik, A. and Venters, V. (2009). Cost engineering: Cost benefits of building green. The AACE International Journal of Cost Estimation, Cost/Schedule Control, and Project Management, 5(1), 28-34.
Nelson, A. J. (2007). The Greening of U.S. Investment Real Estate—Market Fundamental, Prospects, and Opportunities. Rosenberg Real Estate Equity Funds Research.
Orr, D. W. (2004). Can educational institutions learn? The creation of the Adam Joseph Lewis Center at Oberlin College, in Barlett, P.F. and Chase, G.W. (Eds), Sustainability on Campus: Stories and Strategies for Change. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 159-75.
Panagiotakopoulos, P. D. and Jowitt, P. W. (2004). Representing and assessing sustainability in construction. In: Khosrowshahi, F. (Ed.), 20th Annual ARCOM Conference, 1-3 Sept, Heriot Watt University. Association of Researchers in Construction Management, Vol. 2, 1305-11.
Parkin, S. (2000). Context and drivers for operationalizing sustainable development. Proceedings of ICE Civil Engineering Journal, 138, 9-15.
Paumgartten, P. von (2003). The business case for high performance green buildings: Sustainability and its financial impact. Journal of Facilities Management, 2(1), 26-34.
Perdan, S., Azapagic, A. and Clift, R. (2000). Teaching sustainable development to engineering students. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 1(3), 267-79.
Richardson, G. R. A., Lynes, J. K. (2007). Institutional motivations and barriers to the construction of green buildings on campus: A case study of the University of Waterloo, Ontario. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 8(3), 339-354.
Roper, K. O. and Beard, J. L. (2006). Justifying sustainable buildings – championing green operations. Journal of Corporate Real Estate, 8 (2), 91-103.
Rovers, R. (2003). The role of policies in promoting sustainable practices. UNEP Industry and Environment, 26 (2-3), 29-32. Retrieved from http://www.uneptie.org/media/review/vol26no2-3/005-098.pdf
Said, I., Rashideh, W. M., Osman, O., Razak, A. R. and Kooi, T. K. (2009). Modeling of Construction Firms Sustainability. Universiti Sains, Malaysia. Retrieved from http://eprints.usm.my/16094/1/Ilias_Said_4.pdf
Salama, M. and Al Saber, T. (2013) Imposing Green Building Regulations in Dubai. In: Smith, S (Ed.), 29th Annual ARCOM Conference, September, University of Reading. Association of Researchers in Construction Management. http://www.arcom.ac.uk/-docs/proceedings/ar2013-1309-1320_Salama_AlSaber.pdf.
Salama, M. and Hana, A. R. (2010) Green Buildings and sustainable construction in the United Arab Emirates. In: Egbu, C. (Ed), D. J. (Ed.) Proceedings of 26th Annual ARCOM Conference, 6-8 September, Leeds, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 1397-1405.
Salama, M. and Hana, A. R. (2013) Green Building Strategic Model for UAE. In: Smith, S (Ed.), 29th Annual ARCOM Conference, September, University of Reading. Association of Researchers in Construction Management. http://www.arcom.ac.uk/-docs/proceedings/ar2013-1321-1330_Salama_Hana.pdf.
Salama, M. and Salama, O. (2017) The Implementation of Green Building in the UAE: Challenges and Critical Success Factors. In Awad et al.,(Ed.), International Conference on Sustainable Futures ‐ ICSF, Kingdom of Bahrain
Scofield, J. H., (2002). Early energy performance for a green academic building. ASHRAE Transactions, 108(2), 1214-30.
Shelbourn, M. A., Bouchlaghem, D. M., Anumba, C. J., Carillo, P. M., Khalfan, M. K. and Glass, J. (2006). Managing knowledge in the context of sustainable construction. Journal of Information Technology in Construction, 11, 57-71.
Shen, L. Y., Wu, Y. Z., Chan, E. H. W. and Hao, J. L. (2005). Application of system dynamics for assessment of sustainable performance of construction projects. Journal of Zhejian University Science, 6A(4), 339-349.
Siddens, S. (2002), Verdant Horizon. Consulting – Specifying Engineer, October, pp. 30-34. Retrieved from http://www.syska.com/Sustainable/news/index.asp
Singh, R. K., Murty, H. R., Gupta, S. K. and Dikshit, A. K. (2009). An overview of sustainability assessment methodologies. Ecological Indicators, 9(2), 189-212.
Sponge (2004). Sponge Survey of Sustainability in the Construction Industry. Sponge, London.
Sustainable Kingston (2010) Four Pillars of Sustainability. Retrieved from http://www.sustainablekingstone.ca/community-plan/four-pillars-of-sustainability
Thomson, C. S., El Haram, M. A., Hardcastle, C., Horner, R. M. W. (2008). Developing an urban sustainability assessment protocol reflecting the project lifestyle. In: Dainty, A. (Ed), 24th Annual ARCOM Conference, 1-3 September, Cardiff, UK, Association of Researchers in Construction Management, 1155-1164.
Turner Construction Company (2008). Green Building Market Barometer. Retrieved from http://www.usgbc.org/ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=5361
Ugwu and Haupt, T. C. (2007). Key performance indicators and assessment methods for infrastructure sustainability – a South African construction industry perspective. Building and Environment, 42(2), 665-680.
UNFCC (n.d.) The Kyoto Protocol. Retrieved from https://unfccc.int/process/the-kyoto-protocol
U.S. Department of Energy (2003) The Business Case for Sustainable Design In Federal Facilities. Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), in collaboration with the Interagency Sustainability Working Group.
US Green Building Council (2002) LEED Rating System, Version 2.1. Retrieved from http://www.usgbc.org/Docs/LEEDdocs/LEED_RS_v2-1.pdf
Vanegas, J. A., DuBose, J. R. and Pearce, A. R. (1996). Sustainable technologies for the building construction industry. Proceedings of the Symposium on Design for the Global Environment, Atlanta, USA, November 2-4.
Weier, J. (1996). Reaping What We Sow, referring to a study by the World Resources Institute. Retrieved from http://www.earthobservatory.gov.
Watkins, T. (2003). Introduction to Cost Benefit Analysis. Retrieved from http://www2.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/cba.htm