Welcome Guest [create an account] or log-in:

Chapter 2 The Marine Environment

DOI: 10.23912/9781911635574-4454

ISBN: 9781911635574

Published: August 2020

Component type: chapter

Published in: The Impact of Tourism on the Marine Environment

Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781911635574-4283


The fact that open ocean covers two-thirds of the surface of our planet dramati- cally illustrates the importance of the marine environment to life on Earth. But the importance of the oceans goes far beyond their sheer size for it is the oceans that largely determine our climate for the weather around the world is heavily influenced by what happens in our seas. ‘Weather patterns are primarily controlled by ocean currents which are influenced by surface winds, temperature, salinity, the Earth’s rotation and ocean tides....Ocean currents bring warm water and rain from the equator to the poles and cold water from the poles towards the equator’ (www.greentumble.com, 2016). Every schoolchild knows that the sun evaporates water from the sea which then become clouds that then produces almost all of the rain and snow which falls on every land mass in the world. The oceans also absorb heat from the sun and from human activities; this heat is then carried to the land in those places where the prevailing winds blow from the sea to the land. At the same time, the oceans play a vital role in the carbon cycle by absorbing carbon dioxide that is in the air.

Sample content

Click here to download PDF


  • Professor John Swarbrooke, University of Plymouth, UK (Author)

For the source title:

  • Professor John Swarbrooke, University of Plymouth, UK (Author)

Cite as

Swarbrooke, 2020

Swarbrooke, P.J. (2020) "Chapter 2 The Marine Environment" In: Swarbrooke, P.J. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911635574-4454


www.biologydictionary.net (2017) www.biologydictionary.net>Botany [20 Sept 2019]

www.climate.gov, (2019)

www.climate.gov?news-features/understanding-climate/ climate-change-global-sea-level [2 Feb 2020]

www.definitions.net (2019)

www.definitions.net>definition>marine+environment [14 Sept 2019]

Eijgelaar, E, Thaper, C and Peeters, P (2010) Antarctic cruise tourism; the paradoxes of ambassadorship, ‘last chance tourism’ and greenhouse gas emissions. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 18(3) 337-354.

www.fao.org (2019)

www.fao.org/newsroom/commonecg/1000505/en/stocks.pdf [21 Nov 2019]

www.greentumble.com (2016)

www.greentumble.com>how-does-the-ocean-affect- climate [14 Sept 2019]

Hayden, BP, Carleton Ray, G and Dolan, R (1984) Classification of Coastal and Marine Environments. Environmental Conservation 11(3) 199-207. www.iucn.org (2019)

www.iucn.org/news/protected-areas/201912/iucn-green-list-gets-down-earth-and-sea-Malaysia. [5 Jan 2020]

www.jncc.defra.gov.uk (2007) www.jncc.defra.gov.uk>...>MarineHabitat Classification>Shallow classification [18 Sept 2019] www.nationalgeographic.com (2019)

www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/ oceans/critical-issues-marine-pollution.html [29 Oct 2019] www.oceanhealthindex.org (2019)

www.oceanhealthindex.org 2019 [6 Dec 2019] www.plasticoceans.uk (2019) www.plasticoceans.uk/the-facts-plastic-pollution [22 Dec 2019]

Scott, D, Simpson, MC and Sim, R (2012) The vulnerability of Caribbean coastal tourism to scenarios of climate change related sea level rise. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 20(6) 883-898.

www.sustainabledevelopment.un.org (2019)

www.sustainabledevelopment.un.org/ sdg14 [21 Dec 2019]

www.whoi.edu (2019)

www.whoi.edu/know-your-ocean/ocean-topics/pollution/ marine-plastics [3 Jan 2020]

www.wwf.panda.org (2019)

www.wwf.panda.org/our_work/oceans/problems/tourism/tourism_pressure [28 Nov 2019]


Chapter 2 The Marine Environment [Details]Price: £5.99
(£5.99 including VAT)
Licences / Downloadable file

Published in The Impact of Tourism on the Marine Environment

Chapter 2 The Marine Environment [Details]Price: £5.99
(£5.99 including VAT)
Licences / Downloadable file
Hardback format [Details]Price: £85.00Copies / Delivery by post
Terms and conditions of purchase | Privacy policy