Chapter 9 Reputation and perceived resilience in developing countries bidding for major sports events
Published: July 2019
Component type: chapter
Published in: Reputation and Image Recovery for the Tourism Industry
Parent DOI: 10.23912/9781911396673-3803
Increasingly, international sports events (ISEs) are viewed as attractive opportunities for developing nations seeking to enhance their global profile in terms of both global prestige, economic development, and tourism (Chappelet & Parent, 2015; Shipway & Fyall, 2012). From a resilience perspective, the dimension of changing host locations, often due to the increasingly competitive bidding agenda of many host cities and nations, represents a significant proposition that has major implications with regards to the resilience of such events, in terms of crisis and disaster management. As such, changing host locations, from a resilience perspective, requires not only attention to the capacity of sports venues and infrastructure to absorb shocks and still maintain function, but to also include the propensity to facilitate adaptation, renewal and even re-organisation (Shipway, 2018). Whether these are natural disasters or man-made terrorist attacks, any disturbance creates an opportunity for both undertaking new actions (innovation), and for more effectively reacting to their onset (ongoing development) (Berkes et al., 2003; Holling, 1973; Gunderson 2000). Similarly, crisis management is influential in being an assessment of the ability of the country, including its emergency services, political elite, medical services, military and disaster management system to handle emergencies and/or disasters (Shipway & Miles, 2018).
- Richard Shipway, Senior Principal Academic, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK (Author)
- Lee Miles (Author)
For the source title:
- Gabby Walters, Tourism Discipline, School of Business, University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD (Editor)
- Judith Mair, Associate Professor, UQ Business School, University of Queensland, Australia (Editor)
Shipway & Miles, 2019
Shipway, R. & Miles, L. (2019) "Chapter 9 Reputation and perceived resilience in developing countries bidding for major sports events" In: Walters, G. & Mair, J. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911396673-4122
Amara, M. (2005). 2006 Qatar Asian games: A ‘modernisation’ project from above? Sport in Society, 8: 493–514.
BBC (2017). CAF president Ahmad reiterates Cameroon 2019 warning. http:// www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/42430227. Accessed 10 April 2018.
Berkes, F., Colding, J. & Folke, C. (Eds.) (2003). Navigating Social–Ecological Systems: Building Resilience for Complexity and Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Biggs, D., Hall, C. M. & Stoeckl, N. (2012). The resilience of formal and informal tourism enterprises to disasters: reef tourism in Phuket, Thailand. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 20(5), 645-665.
CAFonline.com (2018). http://www.cafonline.com/en-us/competitions/32ndedit ionoftotalafricacupofnations/home. Accessed 30 March 2018 Chappelet, J.-.L. & Parent, M. (2015) The (Wide) World of Sports Events. In Parent, M. & Chappelet, J.-.L. (eds), Routledge Handbook of Sports Event Management, Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 1-17.
Cornellissen, S. (2010). Sport mega-events in Africa: processes, impacts and prospects, Tourism and Hospitality Planning and Development, 1(1), 39-55.
Dowse, S. & Fletcher, T. (2018). Sport mega-events, the ‘non-West’ and the ethics of event hosting, Sport in Society, 21(5), 745-761. FIFA. (2010). 2022 FIFA World Cup bid evaluation report: Qatar. Zurich: FIFA.
Gallopín, G.C. (2006). Linkages between vulnerability, resilience, and adaptive capacity. Global Environmental Change, 16 (3) 293–303.
Grix, J. & Lee, D. (2013). Soft power, sports mega-events and emerging states: the lure of the politics of attraction, Global Society, 27(4): 521-536 Gunderson, L.H. (2000). Resilience in theory and practice. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 31, 425–439.
Haldrup, S.V. & Rosen, F. (2013). Developing resilience: a retreat from grand planning. Resilience, 1 (2), 130-145.
Henderson, J.C. (2016). Hosting the 2022 FIFA World Cup: opportunities and challenges for Qatar, Journal of Sport & Tourism, 19 (3-4), 281-298.
Holling, C.S. (1973). Resilience and stability of ecological systems, Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4, 1–23.
Hukoomi (2018). Qatar E-government. http://portal.www.gov.qa/wps/portal/ topics/Tourism+Sports+and+Recreation. Accessed 9 April 2018 Knott, B., Fyall, A. & Jones, I., (2017). Sport mega-events and nation branding: Unique characteristics of the 2010 FIFA World Cup, South Africa.
International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 29 (3), 900-923.Reputation and perceived resilience in developing countries bidding for major sports events 163 Madiya, M. (2018). CAF stamps final approval on Cameroon as 2019 Afcon hosts. http://www.goal.com/en-gb/news/caf-stamps-final-approval-on- cameroon-as-2019-afcon-hosts/m8etxn15y12bzwbcrhgsccnd. Accessed 19 August 2018.
Miles, L., Gordon, R. an&d Bang, H. (2017). Blaming active volcanoes or active volcanic blame? volcanic crisis communication and blame management in the Cameroon. In C. Fearnley, D. Bird, G. Jolly & B. McGuire (Eds.) Observing the Volcanic World: Volcanic Crisis Communication (pp. 1-15). New York: Springer.
Morakabati, Y., Beavis, J. & Fletcher, J. (2014). Planning for a Qatar without oil: Tourism and economic diversification, a battle of perceptions. Tourism Planning and Development, 11(4): 415–434.
Nelson, D.R., Adger, W.N. & Brown, K. (2007). Adaptation to Environmental change: contributions of a resilience framework. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 32 (1), 395-419.
Pielke, R. (2013). How can FIFA be held accountable? Sport Management Review, 16, 255 – 267.
Shipway, R. (2018). Building resilience and managing crises and disasters in sport tourism. Journal of Sport and Tourism, 22 (3), 265-270.
Shipway, R. & Fyall, A. (eds) (2012). International Sports Events: Impacts, Experiences and Identities. London: Routledge.
Shipway, R. & Miles, L. (2018). Bouncing back and jumping forward: scoping the resilience landscape of international sports events and implications for events and festivals. Event Management.
Sugden, J. & Tomlinson, A. (1998). FIFA and the contest for world football: who rules the people’s game? Cambridge: Polity Press.
The Guardian (2018). Cameroon stripped of right to host 2019 Africa Cup of Nations. https://www.theguardian.com/football/2018/nov/30/cameroon- stripped-right-host-africa-cup-of-nations-2019. Accessed 2 December 2018.