Welcome Guest [create an account] or log-in:

Chapter 4 Mapping Research Methods

DOI: 10.23912/978-1-910158-51-7-2772


Published: September 2015

Component type: chapter

Published in: Research Methods for Business and Management 2nd edn

Parent DOI: 10.23912/978-1-910158-51-7-2735



In most peer-reviewed settings a claim to contribution is central to the evaluation of your research. It is therefore good practice to outline the philosophical orientation of your research and this requires that you address the particular relationship between ontology, epistemology, methodology, data gathering techniques and data analysis approaches. This chapter sets out definitions of these five key concepts, shows how they inter-relate and reviews common configurations in management and organizational research. Further, the chapter introduces the Method Map as a means of presenting a succinct, yet comprehensive account of the paradigm within which your research is conducted. In so doing, the chapter offers a clear, structured and explicit means of dealing with the philosophy of knowledge.

Sample content

Click here to download PDF


For the source title:

Cite as

O'Gorman & MacIntosh, 2015

O'Gorman, K.D. & MacIntosh, R. (2015) "Chapter 4 Mapping Research Methods" In: O'Gorman, K.D. & MacIntosh, R. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/978-1-910158-51-7-2772


Anselm, St., Proslogion, with, A reply on behalf of the fool by Gaunilo; and The author's reply to Gaunilo translated, with an introduction and philosophical commentary, by M. J. Charlesworth. Clarendon Press Oxford (1965).

Aristotle, Metaphysics, Oeconomica, and Magna Moralia. Loeb Classical Library, Volume 17. Heinemann 1968.

Adorno, T. W. (1969). Der Positivismusstreit in der deutschen Soziologie. Berlin: Luchterhand.

Alexander, M., MacLaren, A., O'Gorman, K., & Taheri, B. (2012). "He just didn't seem to understand the banter": Bullying or simply establishing social cohesion? Tourism Management, 33(5), 1245-1255. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2011.11.001

Babbie, E. (1998). The Practice of Social Research. Belmont, CA.: Wadsworth.

Bakhtin, Mikhail (1986). Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. C. Emerson and M. Holquist (Eds.). Austin: University of Texas Press.

Bhaskar, R. (1978). On the possibility of social scientific knowledge and the limits of naturalism. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 8(1), 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5914.1978.tb00389.x

Bhaskar, R. (1989). Reclaiming Reality: A Critical Introduction to Contemporary Philosophy: Verso.

Bhaskar, R. (1993). Dialectic: The Pulse of Freedom: Verso.

Checkland, P. (1999). Systems Thinking, Systems Practice. New York: Wiley.

Comte, A. (1830/1853). Cours De Philosophie Positive. London: John Chapman.

Cunningham, J.B. (1993) Action Research and Organizational Development, Praeger, Westport, CT.

Donaldson, L. (1996) For Positivist Organization Theory: proving the hard core SAGE: London https://doi.org/10.4135/9781446280331

Durkheim, E. (1895/1964). Les Règles de la Méthode Sociologique. New York: The Free Press of Glenco.

Eden, C. and Huxham, C. (2001) The Negotiation of Purpose in Multi-Organizational Collaborative Groups, Journal of Management Studies, 38(3), 373-391 https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-6486.00241

Foucault, M. (1981). The Order of Discourse. In R. Young (Ed.), Untying the Text: a post-structuralist reader (pp. 47-78). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Giddens, A. (Ed.). (1974). Positivism and Sociology. London: Heinemann.

Hammersley, M. (1992). What's Wrong with Ethnography? London: Routledge.

Harré, R. (1987). Enlarging the Paradigm. New Ideas in Psychology, 5(1), 3-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/0732-118X(87)90039-0

Horkheimer, M., & Adorno, T. W. (1944/1988). Dialektik der Aufklärung: philosophische Fragmente. Frankfurt am Main: Fischer Taschenbuch.

Husserl, E. (1950/1964). Die Idee der Phänomenologie. The Idea of Phenomenology. The Hague: Nijhoff.

Hussey, J., & Hussey, R. (1997). Business Research, A Practical Guide for Undergraduate and Postgraduate Students. London: Macmillan Business.

Kant, I. (1780/1998). Kritik der Reinen Vernunft. Critique of Pure Reason (P. Guyer & A. W. Wood, Trans.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511804649

Klein, H. K., & Myers, M. D. (1999). A set of principles for conducting and evaluating interpretive field studies in information systems. MIS Quarterly, 23(1), 67-93. https://doi.org/10.2307/249410

Kuhn, T. S. (1971). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Latour, B. and Woolgar, S. (1986) Laboratory Life: the construction of scientific facts, Princeton University Press: New Jersey

Lewin, K. (1946) Action research and minority problems, Journal of Social Issues, 2, 34-46. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1946.tb02295.x

MacIntosh, R. and Bonnet, M. (2007) International Perspectives on Action Research: introduction to the special issue, Management Research News, 30(5), 321-324 https://doi.org/10.1108/mrn.2007.02130eaa.001

Marcuse, H. (1967). Der Eindimensionale Mensch: Studien zur Ideologie der fortgeschrittenen Industriegesellschaft. Berlin: Luchterhand.

McFague, S. (1982) Metaphorical Theology: Models of God in Religious Language SCM Press, London.

O'Gorman, K. D. (2008). The Essence of Hospitality from the Texts of Classical Antiquity: The development of a hermeneutical helix to identify the philosophy of the phenomenon of hospitality. University of Strathclyde, Glasgow.

Patton, M. Q. (1990). Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods. London: SAGE.

Peters, M., & Robinson, V. (1984). The origins and status of action research. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 20(2), 113-124. https://doi.org/10.1177/002188638402000203

Popper, K. R. (1957). The Unity of Method. In J. Bynner & M. Stribley (Eds.), Social Research: Principles and Procedures (pp. 17-24). Essex: Longman and The Open University Press.

Prigogine, I. and I. Stengers (1984) Order out of Chaos: Man's New Dialogue with Nature. New York: Bantram

Reason, P. and Bradbury, H. (eds) (2001) Handbook of Action Research: Participative Inquiry and Practice, Sage Publications, London.

Weber, M. (1924). Gesammelte Aufsätze zur Soziologie und Sozialpolitik. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr.


Chapter 4 Mapping Research Methods [Details]Price: £4.99*Licences / Downloadable file

Published in Research Methods for Business and Management 2nd edn

Chapter 4 Mapping Research Methods [Details]Price: £4.99*Licences / Downloadable file
Paperback format [Details] Available as an inspection copyPrice: £37.99Copies / Delivery by post
Terms and conditions of purchase | Privacy policy