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Chapter 4 The Story of Defeat Havana

DOI: 10.23912/9781911396949-4319

ISBN: 9781911396949

Published: Dec 2019

Component type: chapter

Published in: The Story of Hilton Hotels

Parent DOI: 10.23912/978-1-911396-7-96-3889

Abstract

Pleasure Island - Cuba is an intriguing island which, since the day it was discovered by Christopher Columbus, has been fighting for independence and freedom and has never quite succeeded in achieving this aim to this day. Almost all of the native Cubans whom Columbus would have encountered in 1492 were either killed by Spanish colonialists or passed away infected with European diseases such as measles and smallpox, to which their bodies were not immune. People who today call themselves Cuban are, in most cases, decedents of Hispanic colonialists or of African slaves brought across the Atlantic on Spanish galleons to cultivate sugar cane farms. A series of rebellions throughout the 19th century failed to end the Spanish rule. However, in 1898 the Spanish – American War resulted in Spain withdrawing from the island and, following three-and-a-half years of subsequent US military rule, Cuba gained formal independence in 1902. The US helped to revive the ravaged island’s infrastructure and economy, though not without considerable self-interest (Perur, 2015). For many decades the Cuban economy depended heavily on sugar cane which was exported first to Spain and later to the US. Together with the socio-cultural changes of the twentieth century, another industry started playing a key role; this was tourism. Thanks to a relaxed approach to alcohol, gambling and other leisure pursuits, Cuba turned into a convenient backyard playground for US tourists, especially during the prohibition of the 1920s, carrying this reputation well into the 1950s.

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Czyżewska, 2019

Czyżewska, B. (2019) "Chapter 4 The Story of Defeat Havana" In: Czyżewska, B. (ed) . Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers http://dx.doi.org/10.23912/9781911396949-4319

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Published in The Story of Hilton Hotels

Chapter 4 The Story of Defeat Havana [Details]Price: £5.99*Licences / Downloadable file
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